This sub-discipline of civil engineering extensively uses gravity to cause fluid movement.
It is also linked to the design of canals, dams, and levees. By applying the principle of fluid mechanics, engineers can handle issues of control, storage, regulation, measurement, transportation, and water use. They also develop conceptual designs to support the features that interact with water through various channels such as spillways.
History and Applications of hydraulic engineering
The earliest application of hydraulic engineering includes crop irrigation, which can be traced back to Africa and the Middle East.